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Obesity and the Microbiome
A large body of evidence is emerging showing that the microbiome has a role in obesity and I cover some...
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The very real danger of alfatoxins
Food products, especially harvested grains, need to be stored carefully. Proper management means storing...
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The 6th Edition of Through the Microscope is now available
The website, eBooks, and hard copy of Through the Microscope are now available. To purchase website access,...
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The stringent response can influence antibiotic resistance
Cancer is a horrible disease, killing over half a million people in the United States every year and...
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Gut disbiosys hinders the healing of spinal cord injuries
There has been a growing body of evidence that the microorganisms that live with us on our bodies deeply...
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X3 Yoga

  This is a workout for those who don’t like yoga. You go through some nice poses, and get a little balance work in too. And you are done in no time. Ted comes back from P90X2 yoga, Terry Morrow of P90X2 Plyocide and Stephanie Saunders rounds out the cast. (Stephanie is Tony’s helper in many of his online chats and worked really closely with him developing the whole P90X3 series.)  I really liked the supporting cast, they have a great chemistry and Tony is FUNNY in this one.

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Agility X

  I can give you my impression of this workout in one word. Wow! It keeps you moving, its fun, it pushes you in all sort of directions and Tony is his hilarious self. This workout is all about doing cardio type work, yet also working on your balance and precision. You are told in How to Accelerate to create some markings on the floor with Tape, or quarters or something. You are asked to use tape, about 4 foot sizes long, in the middle mark an X and put Xs on each side of it. Make two tape strips l...

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New Microbial Ecology Chapter

  A completely reworked and modernized Microbial Ecology Chapter has been published today. Recent advances in DNA isolation and sequencing have made it possible to investigate the microbes present without culturing them. This has completely changed our understanding of the microbial population that is present in the environment and what they are doing. Finally, a clear picture of the environment at the microscopic level is emerging and in the years to come we will learn how it all fits togeth...

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P90X3 Impressions

  This series of blog posts are going to be about the new P90X3 workouts. I thought it would be fun to write my impressions of the program as I did it, to give people a taste of what it is like. I just got the P90X3 discs and of course I went through all the material. This looks like it's the same top quality as P90X and P90X2; what else would you expect from Beachbody and Tony Horton? I bought the deluxe package to get the extra workouts. You have a nutrition guide (which I will cover later),...

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Why is basic research important? Here is your answer

  In the early 1960's Tom Brock was on vacation in Yellowstone National park. He hit the usual tourist destinations, including the hot springs of the park. To his astonishment, he observed what he was sure were cyanobacteria living at temperatures over 80°C (176°F). Professor Brock went back to his lab and wrote a grant to study the microbes present in this environment. Now many would think that this research is esoteric at best. However, as part of that research, Tom discovered&n...

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A measleslike virus is responsible for the recent Dolphin die-off

  Over 300 dolphins have washed up along the eastern coast of the U.S. since July 1st of this year. Scientists at the NOAA declared a Unusual Mortality Event, allowing them to use fund and perform an extensive investigation of the cause. A combination of classic of tissue investigation along with molecular techniques  that assayed for the presence of the virus, revealed the cause to be a Morbillivirus. The Morbillivirus family includes viruses such as measles, th...

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A new malaria vaccine is 100% effective in first trials

  In a first stage trial an new type of malaria vaccine, made from whole, irradiated sporozoites, has shown itself to be 100% effective. The vaccine, PfSPZ was developed by Sanaria and its lead researcher, Stephen Hoffman, a veteran malaria researcher. This work was encourages by research in the 1970s, showing that long-lived protection could be had by exposure to thousands of bites from irradiated, infectious mosquitoes. Taking this observation and making progress has been slow bec...

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Obesity More Likely in Preschoolers Drinking Sugar-Sweetened Beverages

  Yet again another study showing that sugary drinks are rarely a good idea. This includes fruit juices by the way. They are just as bad as soda pop. Drink your water people! www.newswise.com Young children who regularly drink sugary beverages are more likely to gain excessive weight and become obese, according to new research from the University of Virginia School of Medicine.

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New Insight into Potassium Channels

  Ion channels are massively important to all cells as they allow for the production of ion gradients as well as important ion movements into the cell. These enzymes work in very complicated and closely regulated ways which were previously unknown. New research has opened up these ion channels and dissected their processes to allow us to more closely describe their actions. 

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Bacteria Communicate to Help Each Other Resist Antibiotics

  As many know, antibiotics are at the front line of medical treatment when it comes to many deadly bacterial infections such as pneumonia, dysentery, and others.  Dr. Miguel Valvan and Omar Halfawy have showed that antibiotic resistance can come from more than just an acquired trait within the cell. They observed that large populations of antibiotic resistant strains share small molecule metabolites with other non-resistant cells.

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