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Americans are fatter than ever and processed food is to blame
Before diving into this article we need to clarify how being obese is measured. There are many ways to...
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Through the Microscope updates
An important feature of Through the Microscope is the animations that depict important processes. Often...
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Obesity and the Microbiome
A large body of evidence is emerging showing that the microbiome has a role in obesity and I cover some...
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New updates to Why Microbes Matter
Chapters 4, 5, 8, 10, and 14 of Why Microbes Matter have been updated to reflect some new information...
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The very real danger of alfatoxins
Food products, especially harvested grains, need to be stored carefully. Proper management means storing...
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16-1 Introduction

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In the previous chapter we introduced the immune system, where it came from, it's primary goal and then explored the innate immunity your body has to fight off infections. These systems are very powerful and effective, but they are immutable and cannot tailor themselves to the threat of an infection. If these defenses are breached, it is up to adaptive immunity to mount a defense.

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